StarSpell Word Lists

Main Word Lists

The lists make a comprehensive approach to spelling. Phonic patterns are presented in a rational order. There are also many lists for each main school subject, and lists of words with interesting connections. Over 600 lists, more than 4,500 words

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Important 'sight' words

Essential words 1

people words
he she we you
being and doing words
was went is got had
whereabouts words
in on up to there with
words for joining
then so and but
other useful words
it the when of

Essential words 2

people words
they him his me my
being and doing words
like have said came go were
whereabouts words
down at back out
useful words 1
all for this that some
useful words 2
very big little not

Essential words 3

people words
our their them us your
being and doing words
will would be are could do
more doing words
put made going saw called
whereabouts words
off into over from about
time (when) words
after again as now

Essential words 4

doing words
made play come lived found want took
question words
when what where which who why how
words for joining
if or next once
useful words
too yes other no by away

Other important words

being and doing words
been give must make want may goes don't done does gave shall
time words
afternoon tomorrow yesterday never today soon awake morning before
qualifiers
good much old small these those any every both many an
other useful words
own upon under myself together only please here just because around

Words by theme

fairy stories
giant dragon fairy magic spell castle witch forest prince wicked wishes princess
school
teacher classroom workbook read write paper pen pencil school book
family and friends
boy baby brother child girl friend father mother uncle sister children aunt
parties
balloons cards crisps presents sweets birthday game cake sandwich
outings
coach zoo bus play seat car minibus ticket picnic train
parts of the body
arms ears face fingers hands nose toes eyes mouth legs head hair feet foot
familiar places
garden home kitchen shop bathroom bedroom lounge supermarket town
pets
pony gerbil goldfish hamster mouse puppy rabbit horse dog kitten cat

Numbers, days, months, colours

numbers 1 to 10
eight five four nine one seven six three two ten
days of the week
Sunday Tuesday Thursday Wednesday Saturday Monday Friday
months
February December April August November October March May June January July September
numbers 11 to 20
fourteen twenty eleven twelve thirteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen
colour words
white purple yellow green black blue brown red

One letter for one sound

Short vowels

'a'
ran jam hat man cat can bad bag had
'e'
get bed leg net hen red pen pet set yes
'i'
win six pig hid him his lid lip big bit
'o'
box fox dog lot not hot job pop top
'u'
sum sun mum cup cut fun mug bus but
short vowels, plurals
beds cubs dots nets legs jugs rats pins pans

Final consonant blends

'-ll'
pill sell hill doll fell fill bell bill tell will
'-ss'
boss fuss hiss kiss less loss mess miss
'-ck'
luck lock kick sack sick pick pack duck back tick
'-ft'
tuft soft loft left lift
'-lk'
milk hulk silk bulk sulk
'-lt'
belt felt pelt kilt melt
'-mp'
lump limp mumps lamp jump imp pump damp bump camp
'-nd'
bend and end hand pond send sand land lend
'-ng'
long lungs king ring sing hang bang song wing
'-ing'
sulking bending costing singing sinking resting jumping
'-nk' as in bank
honk sink pink bunk bank sunk think wink
'-nt'
tent went ant bent dent pant sent hunt
'-sk'
husk risk rusk desk dusk tusk
'-st'
west test best cost rest just list must nest

Initial consonant blends

'bl-'
black blank blend blink blot blob block blunt
'cl-'
clamp clang click cliff cling clock clog club clump
'fl-'
flag flan flap flat fling flop fluff
'gl-'
glad glen glint gloss glum
'pl-'
plan planet plank plastic plum plump plus
'sl-'
slack slam slap slept sling slip slit slot slug
'br-'
bring brim brisk brag bran brand brick
'cr-'
crab crack cramp cress cricket crisp crop cross crust
'dr-'
drill drink drip drop drum dress drift drag dragon
'fr-'
from frond frost fret frill frock frog
'gr-'
grand grunt grub gruff grill grin grip grit
'pr-'
pram prank present press print prison prod prong prop
'tr-'
trick trim trip trot truck trunk track traffic tramp
'sc-'
scoff scum scab scalp scan
'sk-'
skill skim skin skip skull skid
'sm-'
smack smell smock smug smut
'sn-'
snack snag snap sniff snip snob snug snub
'sp-'
spend spell span spill spin spit spots
'st-'
stamp stand stuck stunt step stick stiff still sting stop
'sw-'
swam swank swell swift swig swill swim swing
'scr-'
scruff scrum scrimp script scrub scrap
'spl-'
splendid splat splint split
'spr-'
sprang sprat sprig spring sprint
'str-'
strand strap strong struck string
'qu-'
quack quest quick quill quilt quit quiz

'y' as a vowel

'-y' as in happy
puppy lucky hobby happy family twenty funny very
'-y' as in fly
try dry cry fry fly by sky

Letters combined for one sound

'ch', 'sh' and 'th'

'ch'
rich much chat check chicken chimp chin chips such
'sh'
wish cash brush fish crash shell ship shop
'th' as in tenth
tenth thank theft think thin thing thick thud thump
'th' as in them
this them that then with
'nch'
punch pinch munch lunch hunch finch bunch bench
'tch'
catch hutch kitchen match pitch scratch witch switch stretch

Vowels doubled: 'ee' and 'oo'

'ee' as in tree
speed tree see meet week sleep feet feel green
'oo' as in boot
food cool boot smooth proof pool moon tooth soon spoon
'oo' as in foot
took wooden look hood hook book cook foot good

Two different vowels

'ai' as in nail
aim nail rain snail train wait paid afraid
'au' as in haunt
taunt haunt launch laundry gaunt taut
'ea' as in beak
beak heat meal team steam seat dream
'ea' as in bread
sweat wealth head health instead breath bread deaf dead
'ie' as in shield
field grief chief brief shield shriek thief
'oa' as in coat
soap road loaf coal coast coat boat float goal coach
'oi' as in boil
boil coin moist oil joint soil point
'ou' as in cloud
out mouth cloud count around about ground sound
'ou' as in couple
trouble young cousin country couple courage nourish

Vowels with 'r'

'ar' as in garden
march market park dark farm hard garden spark star start
'er' as in fern
stern term fern person perfect kerb herb her
'ir' as in bird
skirt shirt first girl dirty bird third
'or' as in fork
sort sport for fork short horse morning born
'ur' as in church
curl hurt church burn burst turn Thursday fur
'air' as in chair
unfair stairs chair hair fairy fair pair air
'ear' as in ear
ear dear gear cousin beard spear hear year
'ear' as in earth
early earn earth pearl search heard learn learning
'ear' as in bear
pear bear swear tear wear
'eer' as in beer
steer beer cheer peer jeer
'oar' as in boar
hoard oar roar soar boar board
'our' as in flour
sour flour scour our hour
'our' as in four
pour fourteen four court your
'are' as in square
spare square care beware dare rare scare share
'ire' as in fire
retire hire fire fireman bonfire admire wire enquire
'ore' as in shore
wore sore swore before more score shore snore

Vowels with 'w'

'aw' as in paw
raw paw jaw lawn law crawl draw straw saw yawn
'ew' as in newt
stew dew few new newt
'ew' as in screw
screw flew grew drew chew threw blew
'ow' as in cow
vow cow brown clown down crowd growl now how
'ow' as in window
slow show grow flow throw window yellow

Vowels with 'y'

'ay'
tray way stay spray crayon away say play day
'oy'
loyal royal annoy boy convoy enjoy employ toy destroy

Vowels with 'gh'

'igh'
tight thigh right sigh night high
'eigh'
neigh sleigh eighty eight weigh weight
'aught'
taught daughter fraught caught naughty

'wh', 'ph', 'thr', and 'shr'

'wh'
whack wheel whiskers whip whirl whisper wheat
'wh', question words etc.
where whether which why what when
'ph'
nephew phantom photo orphan alphabet graph elephant dolphin
'thr'
thrush throng thrill throb
'shr'
shrub shrug shred shrill shrimp shrink

One letter alters another

'e' alters vowels (split digraphs)

'a-e' as in cake
same made late game came cake take safe
'i-e' as in five
ride side time white bike five line like slide quite
'o-e' as in note
rose note hole hope home pole those stone woke
'u-e' as in cube
tune tube use fuse cube compute
'u-e' as in flute
brute crude flute June rude rule plume
'e' as in hoe, blue
pie hoe glue die clue blue true tie toe
'e-e' as in swede
these complete swede delete theme

'e' alters 'c' and 'g'

'ce'
audience dance force cell mice race service surface space twice
'cei'
receive received perceive ceiling conceited deceit deceive
'ge'
garage general cage angel orange hinge huge stage strange
'dge'
hedgehog judge midget sledge badger badge bridge fudge fidget edge

'i' alters 'c' and 'g'

'ci'
cigarette cinder cinema circus citrus city civilian civil acid
'gi'
giant ginger gin rigid origin original magic

'y' alters 'c' and 'g'

'cy'
mercy juicy emergency fancy spicy fleecy
'gy'
strategy stingy energy gym

Final 'll', 'ld', 'nd' alter vowels

'a' as in ball
hall fall all ball call small snowball stall tall wall
'-ild' as in child
wild mild child
'-ind' as in blind
blind grind find mind kind rind
'o' as in gold
old hold fold gold bold cold told sold

'w', 'qu' alter 'a', 'ar' and 'or'

'wa' as in swan
swamp swan swallow wander want was wash watch wad
'war' as in warm
warp wart warden warm warmth warn warning
'wor' as in worm
word worth worm worse worship work world fireworks
'qua' as in quarrel
quarrel quality quantity squash squander squat

Words with silent letters

Silent vowels

silent final 'e'
purse please pause have horse house love give cheese because
silent 'u'
biscuit build guarantee guard guess guest guide guilty guitar disguise
'gue'
catalogue league intrigue plague rogue vague tongue

Silent consonants

'kn'
knob knock knot knee kneel knew knife knight knit
'wr'
wrap wreck wren wrench wring wrist write wrong
'mb'
tomb thumb lamb limb numb comb climb crumb
'gn'
design gnash gnat gnome reign sign gnarled
silent 'l'
should palm half could chalk walk stalk talk yolk calf would
silent 't'
wrestle castle thistle whistle glisten rustle listening listen
silent 'c'
scene scent science scientist scissors muscle
silent 'h'
hour honour heir honest
'rh'
rhino rhetorical rhubarb rhombus rhea rhythm rhyme

Prefixes, suffixes, roots

Living word-formation

add 'anti-' to make a new word
anti-noise anti-rust anti-work anti-wrinkle
add 'ex-' to make a new word
ex-boyfriend ex-convict ex-serviceman ex-king ex-parrot ex-egg
add 'pre-' to make a new word
pre-punched pre-Roman pre-book
add 'pro-' to make a new word
pro-British pro-hunting pro-fitness pro-cycling
compound words
windmill notebook handbag lipstick milkman sunset dustbin birthday
'-like' similar to
jewel-like pastry-like flower-like frog-like
'-wise' concerning
food-wise money-wise transport-wise fun-wise

Prefixes (OE) on real words

'a-'
aside aloud asleep awake around alike along across
'be-'
because before between beyond beside beneath below behind
'fore-'
forecast forefinger foresee forewarn foreground forehead foreman forecourt
'un-' as an opposite
untrue untrue unwell unwell uncertain uncertain unfair unfair unfriendly unfriendly unknown unknown untidy untidy unsafe unsafe
'for-'
forgive forbidden forget forsake
'al-'
although always also already almost
'un-' as undoing actions
undo untwist unwrap unload uncover unearth
'forth-'
forthcoming forthright forthwith
'with-'
withdraw withhold withstand

Prefixes (Latin) on real words

'de-' undo
defrost decode decamp deforested dethrone
'dis-' as negative
disconnect distrust dislike disappear disease disagree disorder
'pre-' before
prefix preschool prehistoric prepacked precooked
're-' do again
renew rehouse replay review replace
'en-' do, perform
enforce engulf enable encircle enlarge enrich encourage enquire
'im-' as negative
impatient immortal immature imperfect impolite impossible
'in-' as negative
incredible insincere invalid inactive indignity inhuman
'mis-' do wrongly
misspell mistimed mistreat misunderstood misuse mishap mislead misprint

Other common prefixes

'de-' down, from, away
defer descend destroy describe defence deflate detergent
'ex-' out of
export excluding excursion excavate except exit extract
'im-' without
imbalance impede immaculate immediate immense immune
'in-' as negative
innocent individual inevitable infant injury
'per-' through
permanent perspire persuasion permit perforation performance perfume persuade
'pro-' before
process protect protest progress promise propose proceed prospect
're-' again
rearrange recollect record referee remove relief request rehearse
'ab-' away from
absent abstain abominable abrupt abound absurd absorbent
'ad-' towards
adjacent adore adventure advice advise address admire admission
'con-' together
continue concern concert condemn connect conquer contain confront
'de-' as very
deliver demand devastate deserve
'dis-'
disappointed discovery disgusting dismay disposable
'im-' as into
import imbibe implode imply immigrant immerse improve
'in-' as into
inflate include infect infer inhabited inspire instruct intend
'pre-' before
preserve preside presume pretend prevent predict prefer
'sub-' under
submerged subside subtract suburbs subdue subject submarine
'com-' together
company complete composed comfort command comment compare

Further prefixes (Latin)

'ambi-' both, around
ambidextrous ambient ambiguous ambition ambivalent
'bene-' good
benefit benefactor benevolent
'co[ll]-' together
collaborate collate colleague collect colloquial
'extra-' beyond
extraordinary extrasensory extraterrestrial extravagant
'mal[e]-' bad
malevolent malnutrition malfunction maltreat
'mani-, manu-'
manicure manipulate manufacture manuscript
'non-' not
nonconformist nondescript nonentity nonplussed
'super-' over
superfluous superimposed superlative supernatural superstitious supervisor supersede supersonic
'sus-' under
suspicious suspense suspect sustain
'trans-' across
transfer transatlantic transform translate transmit transparent transport
'ultra-' beyond
ultramarine ultrasonic ultraviolet
'contra-' against
contraflow contravene contradict
'co[rr]-' together
correct correspond corrode corroborate corrugated corrupt
'anti-' against
anticlimax anticlockwise antidote antifreeze antiseptic
'co-' together
coerce coexist cooperate
'i[ll]-' not
illegal illegible illicit illogical
'i[rr]-' not
irrational irregular irrelevant irreplaceable irresistible irresponsible irreversible
'inter-' between
interchange intermediate interrogate interrupt interfere international interval
'intra-', 'intro-' within
intravenous introduce introspection
'ob-' against, towards
object obliged obliterate observe obsolete obstacle obstruct obvious
'post-' after
post-date postgraduate postpone postscript

Further prefixes (Greek)

'a-' not
amoral apolitical asymmetrical apathy atom
'ana-' up,back
anachronism anagram analysis anatomy
'arch-' chief
archangel architect archbishop
'auto-' self
autograph automatic automobile autopilot
'epi-' on, over
epitaph epidemic epilogue episode
'meta-' after, changed
metabolism metamorphosis metaphor
'para-' beside
parable parabola paradox paramedic paranormal parasite paragraph parallel
'sym-', 'syn-'
symptom symmetry syndicate syndrome synonym synopsis sympathy symphony
'tele-' far
television telegram telepathy telephone telescope
'amphi-' both
amphibious amphitheatre amphibian
'mega-' big
megabyte megaphone megastar megawatt
'micro-' little
microscope microwave microphone
'hypo-' under, defective
hypochondriac hypocritical hypodermic hypothesis

Common suffixes (OE)

'-ly' happy > happily
noisily hungrily busily angrily bodily easily happily
'-less' care > careless
aimless airless breathless careless countless effortless pointless
'-fully' graceful > gracefully
truthfully cheerfully carefully faithfully hopefully painfully gracefully
'-en' gold > golden
earthen golden silken woollen wooden
'-ern' east > eastern
eastern northern southern western
'-ful' faith > faithful (adjectives)
colourful truthful useful peaceful powerful faithful harmful careful
'-ish' fool > foolish
babyish darkish fiendish foolish greenish outlandish smallish
'-like' war > warlike
businesslike childlike ghostlike lifelike sportsmanlike warlike
'-ly' queen > queenly
beastly cowardly friendly motherly queenly
'-most' inner > innermost
innermost topmost foremost
'-some' awe > awesome
awesome fearsome irksome quarrelsome tiresome troublesome
'-ward' down > downward
homeward backward upward downward forward
'-y' greed > greedy
dirty messy rubbery sulky weighty greedy
'-ly' bad > badly
quickly wrongly badly suddenly quietly silently slowly
'-wise' like > likewise
clockwise likewise streetwise
'-y' shade > shady
noisy greasy hasty shady shiny slimy tasty easy
'-y' fog > foggy
funny foggy muddy witty tinny baggy spotty starry
'-ful' beauty > beautiful
merciful fanciful beautiful

Common suffixes (OE, Fr)

'-ful' spoon > spoonful (nouns)
mouthful bucketful cupful armful spoonful
'-ness' sad > sadness
carelessness eagerness sickness darkness fitness goodness sadness kindness
'-craft' needle > needlecraft
handicraft needlecraft witchcraft
'-dom' star > stardom
boredom freedom kingdom officialdom stardom wisdom
'-hood' adult > adulthood
falsehood neighbourhood adulthood childhood
'-ship' friend > friendship
citizenship companionship friendship hardship relationship
'-en' light > lighten
weaken sweeten lighten harden strengthen tighten
'-ette' diminutive
cassette courgette maisonette marionette serviette cigarette
'-let' diminutive
booklet droplet leaflet piglet ringlet starlet
'-ling' diminutive
gosling nestling seedling underling yearling
'-th' long > length etc.
strength width wealth health ninth length
'-ness' busy > business
business happiness bossiness juiciness readiness

Common suffixes (Latin)

'-able' reason > reasonable
reasonable breakable drinkable enjoyable bookable acceptable
'-tion' collect > collection
connection election suggestion exhibition invention collection
'-tion' illustrate > illustration
pollution relation completion demonstration illustration promotion relegation evaluation
'-ant'
triumphant hesitant significant important ignorant
'-ence'
reference difference evidence presence silence consequence sequence
'-ent'
persistent urgent excellent absorbent different independent
'-ible'
incredible responsible sensible accessible collapsible digestible reversible visible
'-ous' danger > dangerous
bulbous poisonous murderous thunderous dangerous
'-ious'
furious anxious serious previous obvious various
'-sion'
tension confusion fusion precision profusion revision
'-ssion'
expression impression mission possession compression confession discussion
'-ure'
failure pressure moisture departure sculpture adventure culture
'-ance' appear > appearance
allowance disturbance clearance attendance performance appearance
'-ive'
attractive expensive defective active defensive effective impressive
'-ment' measure > measurement
payment measurement treatment advertisement movement development engagement
'-sion' explode > explosion
invasion conclusion decision division explosion persuasion
'-tion' solve > solution
evolution resolution solution revolution

People/place suffixes

'-ant'
servant assistant attendant descendant inhabitant immigrant informant
'-ar'
vicar liar scholar beggar burglar
'-ary'
adversary missionary dignitary secretary
'-cian'
politician beautician electrician magician musician optician
'-ee'
absentee employee payee refugee trainee referee
'-ent'
president agent resident student correspondent
'-er'
cleaner builder speaker worker farmer painter teacher
'-ess'
tigress waitress actress empress mistress princess stewardess
'-ist'
cyclist balloonist biologist pianist florist guitarist journalist chemist
'-or'
sailor actor editor narrator sculptor director visitor
'-ster'
youngster fraudster pollster trickster speedster songster
'-ory' places
dormitory lavatory observatory territory laboratory factory
'-ry' places
dairy country quarry foundry
'-ary' places
apiary aviary dispensary granary library
'-ery' places
monastery brewery cemetery colliery surgery bakery
'-eer'
auctioneer engineer mountaineer pioneer volunteer

Further suffixes (Latin)

'-ary'
voluntary temporary necessary library ordinary dictionary imaginary secondary
'-mony'
ceremony acrimony matrimony testimony
'-tude'
altitude attitude gratitude latitude multitude solitude fortitude longitude
'-age' cover > coverage
blockage coverage leakage passage postage wastage
'-ancy'
buoyancy infancy pregnancy truancy discrepancy redundancy vacancy
'-cy'
accuracy diplomacy delicacy conspiracy piracy bankruptcy fallacy
'-ice'
avarice cowardice justice malice prejudice
'-ate' adjective
immaculate accurate affectionate literate numerate obstinate passionate
'-ule' diminutive
capsule globule granule minuscule module molecule
'-ate' verb
activate dedicate donate motivate operate punctuate vaccinate
'-ience'
patience obedience convenience conscience audience
'-iety'
anxiety notoriety piety society variety
'-ity'
morality neutrality possibility probability reality
'-sion' convert > conversion
conversion diversion inversion subversion
'-ssion' procede > procession
accession concession recession procession
'-ure' create > creature
pleasure creature enclosure

Further suffixes (L, Gr)

'-al'
personal several natural local hospital central annual animal equal final
'-id'
arid fluid frigid humid tepid vivid
'-ior'
inferior superior interior exterior junior senior prior ulterior
'-ar'
circular linear lunar regular
'-scent'
effervescent fluorescent incandescent reminiscent adolescent convalescent
'-ile'
agile fertile fragile juvenile mobile futile hostile
'-ine'
canine crystalline divine elephantine feline saline alpine
'-ose'
comatose grandiose morose
'-ic'
alcoholic athletic artistic demonic historic magnetic metallic
'-asm', '-ism'
criticism journalism sarcasm mechanism atheism enthusiasm
'-is'
basis bronchitis diagnosis emphasis oasis paralysis synthesis analysis
'-ify'
mortify fortify classify glorify magnify modify beautify
'-ient'
obedient convenient gradient nutrient ingredient
'-ial'
memorial material radial aerial terrestrial industrial
'-ology' study
theology mythology apology technology

Suffixes for tenses

'-ed' sounding as /ed/
wounded waited delighted crowded painted shouted mended greeted
'-ed' sounding as /d/
sailed poured rained showed growled teamed
'-ed' sounding as /t/
puffed reached jumped crashed dressed asked
'-ing' carry > carrying
standing dreaming going carrying waiting
'-ing' dig > digging
swimming rubbing digging getting hopping
'-ing' write > writing
hoping moving caring coming writing
'-ing' grin > grinning
referring travelling grinning stirring beginning dialling winning planning
'-ing' carpet > carpeting
carpeting happening limiting targeting visiting
'-ing' with eye, -ie, -o, -oe
echoing eyeing hoeing lying shoeing tying vetoing radioing
'-ed' grab > grabbed
grabbed hopped sunned nodded knitted slammed
'-ed' amuse > amused
dared dated amused droned hoped moved
'-ed' cry > cried
cried dried hurried worried fried married buried
'-ed' video > videoed
echoed radioed vetoed videoed
'-s' cry > cries
carries dries hurries worries cries

Suffixes for plurals

dot > dots
dots hills frills apples spots
baby > babies
cities daisies families ponies stories babies puppies pennies
monkey > monkeys
boys guys keys monkeys toys trays ways
half > halves
shelves thieves wolves wives loaves halves knives
roof > roofs
beliefs chiefs chefs cliffs roofs
kiss > kisses
boxes coaches brushes matches kisses
hero > heroes
cargoes dominoes echoes heroes potatoes tomatoes volcanoes
kilo > kilos
kilos photos pianos radios solos videos
irregular plurals
men geese teeth salmon lice sheep children women mice feet

High > higher > highest

high > higher
deeper longer higher older smaller younger taller
high > highest
tallest deepest youngest fastest highest longest smallest oldest
hot > hotter > hottest
hottest redder reddest biggest hotter bigger
large > larger > largest
largest whitest simplest fiercest fiercer later latest simpler larger whiter
happy > happier > happiest
funnier happiest easier funniest happier healthier healthiest easiest

Prefixes of quantity

'mono-' one
monocle monogamy monopoly monocycle
'uni-' one
unicorn uniform unique unit
'prim-' first
primary primate prime primitive
'bi-', 'bin-' twice
bicycle binary binoculars biscuit
'du-' two
duet duel duo duplicate
'tri-' three
tricycle trio tripod triple
'quad-' four
quadrant quadruplet quadrilateral
'cent-' hundred
centurion centipede century
'pan-, panto-' all
panorama panning pantomime panacea
'omni-' all
omnivorous omnipotent omniscient
'poly-' many
polygon polythene polytechnic
'multi-' many
multimedia multipurpose multiplication multitude
'semi-' half
semicolon semicircle semiconductor
'mill-' thousand
millennium millimetre millilitre millisecond
'kilo-' thousand
kilowatt kilometre kilohertz

Roots (Latin)

'-aqua-' water
subaqua aquarium aqualung aquamarine aqueduct
'-port-' carry
import report support transport export portable
'-miss-' send
omission permission admission transmission commission missionary missile
'-ann-' year
anniversary annuity biennial perennial annual
'-cav-' hollow
concave cave cavity excavate
'-duc-' lead
aqueduct introduce deduct ductile education conductor duke product
'-fort-' strong
effort force fortify fortress reinforce comfort
'-mort-' death
immortal murderous mortal mortify mortgage
'-pend-' hang
independent appendix depend pendant pending suspense pendulum
'-scrib-' write
scribe inscribe nondescript postscript scribble script description
'-terr-' the earth
extraterrestrial inter subterranean terrace terrain terrier
'-vis-' see
envy videos revision advice television survey provide invisible

Roots (Greek)

'aero-' air
aeroplane aerobatics aerobics aerodrome aerodynamic
'hydro-' water
hydrofoil hydrogen dehydrated hydraulic hydrotherapy
'-phil-' love
philanthropist philatelist philosopher anglophile
'-photo-' light
telephoto photocopier photogenic photon photosynthesis photograph
'-techne-' art or skill
technician technophobia technical technology pyrotechnics polytechnic technique
'-graph-' writing
graphite autograph photograph paragraph geography graph
'-logo-' word
biology illogical prologue dialogue technology
'-scope' view
stethoscope microscope telescope periscope scope
'-gram-' letter
hologram grammar programme anagram diagram
'-phon-' sound
telephone microphone symphony cacophony phonetics
'-poli-' city
metropolis cosmopolitan politics politician
'-theo-' a god
atheist enthusiasm theology
'-zoo-' animal
zoology zodiac protozoan zoo
'-ast-' star
astronomy asteroid asterisk disaster astronaut
'-chron-' time
chronic chronicle synchronous chronology anachronism
'-bio-' life
amphibious biography antibiotic biosphere biology

Further explorations

Syllables and spelling

compound words
windmill notebook handbag lipstick milkman sunset dustbin birthday
split like kit-ten
sudden hidden cotton kitten paddock puffin rabbit lesson
split like bas-ket
plastic napkin pumpkin zebra basket panda picnic trumpet
split like lem-on
visit robin shadow lemon metal body habit finish
split like la-bel
label hotel minus moment pilot pupil secret silent stupid
split like du-et
triumph lion poem diet duet

More vowel sounds

'u' as in bull
full bull bush pull push put
'a' as in bath
plant last class after bath ask glass father fast
'ei' as in eight
eight freight neigh neighbour sleigh reindeer vein weight
'ei' as in ceiling
perceive receive deceive deceit conceited ceiling
sounds of 'ough'
cough bough enough dough rough tough through thorough thought
'oor' as in door
poor moor door floor
'o' as in dove
front glove dove come brother mother money other some done
'y' as in crystal
syrup sympathy pyramid rhythm mysterious crystal gym
'y' as in python
cycle nylon rhyme python style reply
'a' as in acorn
able paper acorn angel
'e' as in demon
she demon lenient recent decent secret
'i' as in minus
minus triangle sidle idle climb
'o' as in over
holy over only open
'u' as in uniform
unit tunic puny truth uniform unicorn

More consonant sounds

'ch' sounds as /k/
stomach school scheme Christmas chemist anchor ache echo
'gh' sounds as /f/
enough cough rough trough tough laugh
'ci' sounds as /sh/
sufficient special social precious official conscience conscious artificial efficient crucial
'ch' sounds as /sh/
chef chiffon chalet charade chassis machine parachute sachet
other /sh/ sounds
sugar sure pension ration ocean national mission initial action

Patterns in word endings

'-il' as in daffodil
council civil daffodil fossil lentil pencil stencil utensil
'-ery' as in jewellery
stationery confectionery embroidery finery lottery machinery jewellery
'-ar' as in cellar
mortar collar cellar sugar vinegar
'-ey' as in donkey
valley turkey chimney monkey money journey honey donkey
'-le' as in cradle
cradle table sidle cable ladle maple noble
'-le' as in ankle
bundle grumble nimble handle candle ankle simple single
'-le' as in apple
middle battle bottle bubble cuddle dribble gobble apple
'-el' as in angel
travel angel level model kennel label parcel quarrel

Words ending in vowels

'-a'
cinema banana camera cocoa zebra saga umbrella vanilla
'-ea'
idea rhea nausea panacea area
'-i'
alibi fungi graffiti hi-fi macaroni safari spaghetti taxi
'-o'
cargo hero potato tomato zero echo photo volcano
'-oo'
bamboo cuckoo hullabaloo igloo shampoo tattoo
'-u'
caribou emu flu gnu impromptu menu tutu
'-ee'
chimpanzee degree jubilee pedigree toffee guarantee coffee committee

Homophones

long phoneme /ay/ (day)
rain reign great grate rein wait way weigh weight
long phoneme /air/ (hair)
there their bare pear pair bear stare stair
long phoneme /ee/ (see)
flea flee meat meet reed read peace piece
long phoneme /oh/ (no)
loan lone sew rowed road so
spellings of /ohl/ (bowl)
hole hold bold soul sole holed bowled whole
long phoneme /or/ (north)
sore board bored saw four for
phoneme /n/ (net)
knot knight knew not no night new know
phoneme /r/ (rat)
rap wrap wring write ring right
other homophones
lesson dear aloud whether weather allowed deer lessen
phoneme /s/ (sit)
licence license practise cereal practice serial
other consonant phonemes
one right new no knew hole know won wear where whole write
3-way homophones
to two their there they're too

Interesting derivations

from people's names
wellingtons diesel cardigans sandwiches
from mythical characters
atlas titanic cereal hygiene martial panic music volcano
from places
academy canter currant tangerine denim indigo swede port
from acronyms
laser quango quasar radar scuba sonar yuppie nylon
words with unusual histories
diary confetti salary tawdry tennis omnibus
shortened words
taxicab navvy fridge telly exam zoo

Words from other tongues

words from North America
moccasin moose totem tomahawk skunk
words from Arabic
mattress alcohol hazard sofa
words from Dutch
buoy snoop easel skipper brandy yacht
words from French
queue meringue mayonnaise bouquet souvenir duvet
words from Gaelic
slogan whisky whiskey clan bard
words from German
dachshund waltz poodle delicatessen nickel
words from Hindi
bungalow chutney shampoo cot
words from Italian
spaghetti umbrella serenade pizza replica motto piano studio
words from Japanese
tycoon karate futon karaoke
words from Persian (Farsi)
bazaar caravan shawl taffeta
words from Spanish
alligator canyon mosquito plaza ranch stampede lasso
words from Turkish
coffee kiosk tulip turban

Words often misspelled

business words 1
correspondence committee business accommodation address faithfully sincerely necessary
business words 2
liaise height immediately delivery approval certainly communication clerk weight
business words 3
suggestion authority efficiency limited marketing mortgage profited procedure recommendation purchase
are letters doubled? 1
omitted omission reference referred occurred occurrence
are letters doubled? 2
preference prefer preferred transfer transferable transferred
awkward words 1
water vehicle yacht women woman quarter people medicine leisure journey
awkward words 2
interesting lovely opposite separate especially embarrassed exaggerate desperate beautiful suppose
confusing homophones 1
canvas canvass cheque currant current check
confusing homophones 2
practice formally formerly licence principal principle practise stationary license stationery
words often confused 1
wander were where advice advise except accept loose lose quiet wonder quite
words often confused 2
disease effect affect decease emigrant eligible eminent imminent human immigrant illegible humane

Curriculum subject lists

English

textual sources 1
biography autobiography fiction drama poetry novel poem literature genre
textual sources 2
romance farce ballad comedy horror legend mystery satire sci-fi sonnet thriller tragedy myth
textual sources 3
account article bulletin essay magazine newspaper pamphlet brochure leaflet report advertisement
text analysis 1
character description favourite criticism style context vocabulary depth paraphrase portrayal quotation setting theme
text analysis 2
chapter clause introduction layout dialogue episode conclusion paragraph sentence scene subtitle phrase narrative title extract
text analysis 3
bias editing objective opinion persuasive relevant subjective summary argument communicate draft irrelevant idea
skills of writing
suspense rhyme rhythm hyperbole allegory alliteration metaphor personification simile ambiguity assonance imagery motif onomatopoeia irony
non-print media
commentary film headline lighting view visual video radio theatre screen listen cinema cassette watch
finding your way
illustration encyclopedia catalogue dictionary library research reference alphabetical thesaurus bibliography caption contents index glossary
people in the media
producer advertiser cameraman poet presenter scriptwriter author playwright correspondent editor narrator journalist actor director reporter
parts of speech
definite adjective adverb conjunction demonstrative indefinite noun participle preposition pronoun verb
punctuation
capital hyphen margin punctuation colon comma brackets apostrophe asterisk
words about language
grammar prefix word language jargon dialect suffix accent consonant tense vowel

Mathematics

numbers 1 to 10
eight five four nine one seven six three two ten
numbers 1st to 10th
tenth third fourth fifth first eighth seventh sixth second ninth
numbers 10 to 100 (+ 1000)
ninety hundred sixty seventy eighty fifty forty thirty ten twenty thousand
numbers 10th to 100th
twentieth thirtieth tenth fortieth fiftieth eightieth seventieth sixtieth hundredth ninetieth
geometric terms 1
length height diameter area angle centre circle straight width bisector transversal
handling data 1
quadratic survey intercept linear gradient chart frequency pictogram median tally maximum minimum average diagram graph percentage
arithmetic terms 1
fraction addition decrease multiplication factor increase coefficient consecutive indices total multiple remainder difference division equal
shapes 1
cuboid tetrahedron triangle quadrilateral pentagon hexagon heptagon octagon nonagon decagon rhombus rectangle circle
handling data 2
statistics median deviation sampling randomness cumulative interquartile correlation inference discrete probability diagrammatic frequency questionnaire
arithmetic terms 2
integer mathematics computation approximate numerator denominator recurring decimal zero positive negative
algebra terms
variable simplify ratio brackets formula proportional substitution polynomial formulae reduce substitute quadratic equation simultaneous function
geometric terms 2
elevation rotation reflection vertical curved transformation diagonal cyclic tessellation horizontal circumference
shapes 2
symmetry straight height parallel horizontal diagonal vertical cylinder breadth volume prism pyramid
angles
adjacent alternate acute obtuse reflex complementary supplementary interior exterior
arithmetic terms 3
quotient inverse index notation multiple ratio factor minus
properties of circles
semicircle circumference diameter radius perimeter segment sphere tangent ellipse sector chord
triangles
hypotenuse isosceles equilateral scalene congruent similar triangular

Science

experimental procedures 1
analyse investigate evidence comparison variables evaluation conclusion measure observe
experimental equipment
thermometer laboratory apparatus gauge funnel balance Liebig beaker Bunsen titration pipette burette conical photometer equipment
life - cells
gene hybrid inheritance organelle nucleus membrane cytoplasm chromosome meiosis mitosis gamete ciliated reproduction fertilisation conception evolution
life - plants 1
photosynthesis moisture chlorophyll pollination humus transpiration germination diffusion osmosis
life - animals
herbivore carnivore omnivore reptile mammal nocturnal migratory producer vertebrate habitat consumer parasite amphibian wait respiration circulation
life - health
syndrome immune deficiency virus organism infection toxin inflammation bacteria fever immunisation
materials - classification
compound mixture alloy aerosol aqueous amorphous polymer monomer reactant vitreous metal crystalline
materials - properties
magnetic semiconductor alkaline reactive inert insulator ionic covalent semipermeable soluble density volatile acid
materials - particles
element orbital valency radical proton neutron isotope ion electron nucleus molecule
physical change
solidify dissolve evaporate concentrate liquefy crystallisation diffusion filter condensation volatile precipitation distil
chemical change
activation electrolysis cathode anode hydrophilic hydrophobic neutralisation oxidation reduction reaction effervescence corrosion catalysis combustion explosion equation
forces and motion
compression pressure deceleration acceleration barometric gravity friction weight temperature
energy
momentum kinetic potential dissipation conduction convection radiation conservation renewable absorption energy
waves
frequency transparent ultraviolet microwave trough prism decibel longitudinal transverse velocity reflection refraction amplitude diffraction radiation
electricity/magnetism
polarity induction electromagnetic electrostatic dynamo particle static attraction rectifier repulsion transformer ammeter voltmeter
electrical circuits
integrated voltage filament insulation resistor transistor capacitor ampere ohm diode impedance capacitance resistance
experimental procedures 2
dilute condensation filter distil distillation filtration evaporate dissolve
life - plants 2
anther style ovary ovule pollen monocotyledon dicotyledon chloroplast stamen stigma capsule rhizome

History

politics and government 1
empire totalitarian democracy nationalism dictatorship restoration communism fascism monarchy republic
social 1
feudal disease civil plague marriage reform inequality abolition workhouse census
economic
nationalisation privatisation Depression poverty exploitation quota duty subsidy commerce laissez-faire engineering industrial factory agricultural piracy
religious
nonconformist worship symbol Dissolution belief monastery Protestant religion pilgrimage superstition persecution Catholic Reformation
diplomacy
rebellion empire unification independence colony exploration negotiation commonwealth relations ambassador treaty
general terms
prehistoric museum eyewitness chronology century evidence medieval archive neolithic archaeology
politics and government 2
political Suffragette Luddite treason abdicate referendum suffrage propaganda revolution heir
social 2
emigrant settlement serf society immigrant peasant slavery pauper nobility clergy
warfare
retreat victory strategy armour armistice holocaust conscription recruitment mercenary soldier conquest armies invasion battle
government
government reign parliament republic politics political independence colony colonisation dynasty constitutional imperial imperialism

Geography

physical features
mountain estuary gorge tributary delta watershed confluence source island glacier valley ocean continent
industry
business manufacturing leisure location location industry primary secondary tertiary accessibility employment
geological terms
sedimentary igneous metamorphic lava limestone granite tectonic magma volcano epicentre Richter fossil earthquake
ecological terms
environment pollution global famine conservation greenhouse deforestation renewable sustainable desertification stewardship overfishing
climate
monsoon equatorial atmosphere humidity temperature climate precipitation thermometer
weather
precipitation drought meteorology anticyclone isobar rainfall sunshine flood depression pressure gradient forecast gauge barometer
ecosystems
biomass ecosystem desert habitat tundra savannah steppe prairie deciduous coniferous fauna flora
population
demography urbanisation colony urban suburban rural distribution residential amenities population conurbation country
some european lands
Belgium Denmark France Germany Greece Portugal Ireland Italy Netherlands Finland Sweden Spain Luxembourg
farming
diversification pastoral cereal arable livestock rotation irrigation agriculture
processes
erosion transport deposition eruption weathering
natural hazards
tsunami avalanche cyclone heatwave typhoon tornado hurricane blizzard volcano flood earthquake
maps
longitude latitude meridians parallels reference equator contour

Design and Technology

designing
projection isometric estimate elevation criteria specification layout design dimension graphic perspective research
tools and equipment
screw scissors machine adhesive chisel hacksaw bradawl pliers hammer
materials and components
strength quality thermoset textile tensile suitability component flexible durability tolerance thermoplastic manufacture rigid
processes and techniques
compression modify assemble moulding attach separate
systems and control
switch electronic device circuit electrical mechanical feedback sensor pneumatic
structures
bridge efficiency reinforce structure suspension cantilever unstable buckle maintenance reliability tension
general terms
construction evaluation measure technology structure analysis design materials
food hygiene 1
hygiene bacteria listeria salmonella poisoning degrees centigrade conditions intestines spread sneeze uncovered
food hygiene 2
gloves touching temperatures bleaching disinfectant freezer detergent refrigerator boiling
food preparation
rubbing mixing whisking stirring chopping grating folding dicing slicing peeling defrosting
kitchen equipment
utensils opener grater whisk potato-peeler rolling-pin mixer measuring chopping-board sieve scissors knife scales
textile fibres 1
silk cotton natural wool flax hemp jute sisal hide leather fibre yarn
textile properties
stretchy waterproof hard-wearing lightweight crease-resistant delicate comfortable fleecy texture shrink absorbent
textile processors
batik dyeing spinning printing weaving knitting felting bonding tufting silk-screen tie-dyeing roller
textile fibres 2
viscose polyester mohair tweed worsted corduroy towelling cashmere man-made synthetic acrylic nylon
sewing
embroidery bobbin shuttle overlock crochet stitching thread tapestry
talk about clothing
fashion footwear accessories trend duvet uniform colour
fabric care
washing drying ironing dry-cleaning instructions
shopping
aftercare customer mail-order return multiple franchise
cooking
boiling grilling baking simmering frying reheating timing
nutrition
carbohydrate diet fibre unsaturated cholesterol balanced vitamins minerals digestion protein vegetarian vegan

ICT

equipment
silicon barcode pixel laser plotter scanner kilobyte microprocessor memory computer hardware monitor keyboard megabyte binary
handling information 1
analysis insert information loading processing delete database access spreadsheet quantitative qualitative data software
control and modelling
logging interface robot procedure measurement sensor simulation feedback variable
communication
digital communication teleworking internet import channel fax satellite phone network modem
using a computer
search cursor back-up font replace paste menu desktop template word-processor virus
handling information 2
scale clicking numeric function icon record cell image column field file

Art

styles
Classicism Cubism Pointillism Surrealism contemporary figurative medieval Impressionism Expressionism Baroque abstract realism Renaissance
forms of art: 2-dimensions
embroidery illustration stencil collage photograph picture caricature silhouette cartoon portrait batik tapestry fresco mural landscape mosaic
forms of art: 3-dimensions
construction mask origami carving casting relief jewellery sculpture ceramics architecture artefact
talking about art
composition foreground figure culture surface proportion texture tactile background contrasting decorative abstract
tools and materials
tempera earthenware terracotta charcoal acrylic palette bronze turpentine canvas pastel silk-screen crayon
techniques
perspective enlarge highlight superimpose illuminate stipple redefine shading crosshatch

Music

performing
acoustics amplifier recital rehearsal performance microphone practise practice concert
composing
rhythm improvisation instrumental accompaniment variation notation chord phrase melody ostinato ostinato orchestration treble clef stave
listening
minimalist Renaissance opera concerto sonata oratorio reggae fugue fusion Baroque musical classical Romantic symphony
musicians
soloist trio orchestra conductor composer choir duet quartet busker minstrel ensemble vocalist gamelan instrumentalist
talking about music
tonality homophonic polyphonic descant dissonance pentatonic chromatic instrumentation harmony discord lyrics modulation syncopation theme
instruments
piano strings guitar percussion brass woodwind xylophone bassoon oboe cello saxophone sitar clarinet glockenspiel timpani
voices
alto contralto soprano tenor bass
elements of music
dynamics texture tempo duration timbre pitch silence

Physical Education

games
badminton volleyball hockey rounders netball referee cricket coach court tennis fielding offside attacker defender umpire
gymnastic activities
somersault trampoline vault approach apparatus gymnastics rolling balancing
dance
choreography rhythm performance expression ballet ballroom co-ordination interpretation
athletic activities
competition baton decathlon pentathlon marathon attempt sprint disqualification jogging javelin relay athletics hurdles discus
outdoor activities
canoeing climbing abseiling orienteering adventurous obstacle navigation survival kayak
swimming
backstroke butterfly competitor diving gala breaststroke synchronised resuscitation medley propulsion
fitness/training
rotation abduction adduction aerobic isotonic isometric flexibility endurance technique extension stretching repetitions circuit
the body
circulatory vertebral hygiene injury adrenaline dehydration deficiency dislocate concussion nutrition muscle respiration

Religious Education

religions
Christianity Islam Buddhism Judaism Jainism Baha'i Rastafarianism Sikhism Shintoism Confucianism Taoism Hinduism
religious practice
yoga rite miracle service funeral meditation chanting kneeling prostration baptism worship wedding prayer ceremony
places of worship
church abbey monastery temple mosque gurdwara chapel synagogue mandir cathedral
people and religion
guru disciple yogi saint rabbi ascetic worshipper congregation archbishop mullah monk clergyman bishop priest vicar
religious groups
Protestant Catholic Evangelical Shia Sunni Mahayana Theravada Orthodox liberal Reform

Drama

creating 1
stimulus brainstorm target issue confrontation message audience improvisation rehearse theme topic conflict
creating 2
tension suspense context speech scenario storyboard monologue direction scene action dialogue
presenting
costume make-up management lighting design effect sound theatre
form
dance improvisation movement mime drama
style
drama comedy farce tragedy musical documentary surreal fantasy review
media
radio theatre video cinema television

PSHE

personal
discussion approval prefer preference pressure encourage reality approve control discipline encouragement gender involve involvement reward
relationship
representative dependent represent communication relationship
problem areas
addict addiction dependency racism racist sanction sexism sexist stereotype
qualities
generosity emotional generous achieve achievement emotion effort able ability

DfE National Curriculum 2014 Lists
Phonics - Letters & Sounds Word Lists
Yr2 to KS3 Lists (Not 3.1)


StarSpell Word Lists - Main Word Lists
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