StarSpell Word Lists

Main Word Lists

The lists make a comprehensive approach to spelling. Phonic patterns are presented in a rational order. There are also many lists for each main school subject, and lists of words with interesting connections. Some 586 lists, over 4,300 words

Copyright © Fisher-Marriott Software. These lists may be copied and used for non-commercial purposes. Please acknowledge our copyright.

Important 'sight' words

Essential words 1

being and doing words
got had is was went
whereabouts words
up with there to in on
words for joining
and but then so
other useful words
the when it of
people words
he we you she

Essential words 2

people words
they him his me my
being and doing words
said like have came go were
whereabouts words
down at back out
useful words 1
all for this that some
useful words 2
big not little very

Essential words 3

people words
our their them us your
being and doing words
would will be are do could
more doing words
put made going saw called
whereabouts words
into over off from about
time (when) words
after again as now

Essential words 4

doing words
play made come want took lived found
question words
who why what when where which how
words for joining
if or next once
useful words
too no other by away yes

Other important words

being and doing words
want been give must make don't may done does goes gave shall
time words
afternoon tomorrow yesterday never today morning before awake soon
qualifiers
small these those good much old any every both many an
other useful words
under upon own myself only please here just because around together

Words by theme

fairy stories
spell castle witch princess giant fairy dragon magic forest prince wicked wishes
school
classroom workbook read paper pen pencil school book teacher write
family and friends
uncle boy baby brother child father girl friend mother sister children aunt
parties
balloons crisps presents sweets cards birthday sandwich game cake
outings
bus play train coach zoo seat picnic minibus car ticket
parts of the body
arms ears face fingers hands nose toes eyes mouth legs head hair foot feet
familiar places
garden home kitchen shop bedroom lounge supermarket town bathroom
pets
pony gerbil goldfish hamster mouse horse puppy rabbit dog kitten cat

Numbers, days, months, colours

numbers 1 to 10
four five eight nine one seven six three ten two
days of the week
Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Sunday Saturday Monday Friday
months
February December April August May March June July January October November September
numbers 11 to 20
twenty fourteen eleven twelve thirteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen
colour words
white purple black blue brown red green yellow

One letter for one sound

Short vowels

'a'
had hat jam man ran cat can bad bag
'e'
bed get red net pet pen leg hen yes set
'i'
six win hid him his lid lip pig big bit
'o'
box fox dog not pop lot hot job top
'u'
sum sun mug mum cup cut fun but bus
short vowels, plurals
beds cubs dots nets pins pans rats legs jugs

Final consonant blends

'-ll'
hill pill doll fell fill bell bill tell sell will
'-ss'
boss fuss hiss kiss less loss mess miss
'-ck'
lock luck kick pick pack sack duck back sick tick
'-ft'
soft tuft left lift loft
'-lk'
milk hulk bulk silk sulk
'-lt'
belt felt melt kilt pelt
'-mp'
mumps pump jump limp lamp lump imp damp bump camp
'-nd'
bend and end hand land lend pond sand send
'-ng'
sing song wing ring king lungs long hang bang
'-ing'
bending costing jumping resting singing sinking sulking
'-nk'
sunk tank sink wink pink honk bank bunk
'-nt'
ant bent dent hunt pant went sent tent
'-sk'
tusk risk rusk husk desk dusk
'-st'
cost best just list rest must nest west test

Initial consonant blends

'bl-'
black blunt block blot blank blend blink blob
'cl-'
clamp clang click cliff cling clock clog club clump
'fl-'
flag flan flap flat fling flop fluff
'gl-'
glad glen glint gloss glum
'pl-'
plan planet plank plastic plum plump plus
'sl-'
slack slam slap slept sling slip slit slot slug
'br-'
bring brim brisk brand bran brick brag
'cr-'
crab crack cramp cress cricket crisp crop cross crust
'dr-'
drum drink drip drop dress drift drill drag dragon
'fr-'
frost frond frill frock frog from fret
'gr-'
grub gruff grunt grill grin grip grit grand
'pr-'
pram prank present press print prison prod prong prop
'tr-'
trot truck trunk track traffic tramp trick trim trip
'sc-'
scum scab scalp scan scoff
'sk-'
skull skip skid skill skim skin
'sm-'
smack smell smock smug smut
'sn-'
snack snag snap sniff snip snob snub snug
'sp-'
spend span spell spill spin spit spots
'st-'
stamp stand step stuck stunt stick stiff still sting stop
'sw-'
swam swank swell swift swig swill swim swing
'scr-'
scrum scrub scruff scrimp script scrap
'spl-'
splendid splat splint split
'spr-'
sprang sprat sprig spring sprint
'str-'
strand strap string strong struck
'qu-'
quack quiz quest quick quill quilt quit

'y' as a vowel

'-y' as in happy
puppy happy holly hobby lucky family stuffy silly twenty
'-y' as in fly
try sky fly fry dry cry by

Letters combined for one sound

'ch', 'sh' and 'th'

'ch'
chat check chimp chin chips chicken rich much such
'sh'
shell ship shop wish cash brush crash fish
'th' as in tenth
thank tenth theft thick thin thing think thump thud
'th' as in them
this them then that with
'nch'
finch bunch bench munch pinch punch lunch hunch
'tch'
hutch match kitchen scratch pitch catch witch stretch switch

Doubled vowels

'ee' as in tree
sweet street sleep speed tree feel feet need screen green
'oo' as in boot
moon proof pool food cool boot tooth spoon soon smooth
'oo' as in foot
took wooden book cook foot look good hook hood

Paired vowels

'ai' as in nail
rain nail paint aim brain train wait snail
'au' as in haunt
taunt gaunt taut haunt launch laundry
'ea' as in beak
meal heat beach beak team stream steam seat
'ea' as in bread
sweat wealth bread breath deaf dead health head instead
'ie' as in shield
grief field brief chief thief shriek shield
'oa' as in coat
soap coal coast coat boat float foam loaf road coach
'oi' as in boil
point poison noisy oil moist joint boil coin soil toilet
'ou' as in cloud
sound south cloud count loud ground mouth out round
'ou' as in couple
nourish country couple courage cousin trouble young

Vowels with 'r'

'ar' as in garden
spark star start dark garden farm park hard market march
'er' as in fern
kerb herb her perfect person fern term stern
'ir' as in bird
third shirt skirt first girl dirty bird birth
'or' as in fork
corn fork north morning short sport sort
'ur' as in church
turn turnip hurt curly church burn burst fur
'air' as in chair
chair dairy fair fairy hair pair unfair stairs
'ear' as in ear
spear rear fear gear ear clear beard appear hear
'ear' as in earth
earn earth early pearl heard learn learning search
'ear' as in bear
swear tear wear pear bear
'eer' as in beer
beer cheer peer jeer steer
'oar' as in boar
soar hoard oar roar boar board
'our' as in flour
flour scour our hour sour
'our' as in four
your pour four fourteen court
'are' as in square
dare beware care rare scare spare square share
'ire' as in fire
wire retire hire bonfire admire fire fireman enquire
'ore' as in shore
before more score wore shore sore snore swore store

Vowels with 'w'

'aw' as in paw
straw thaw raw paw law lawn jaw claws crawl draw
'ew' as in newt
dew few new newt stew
'ew' as in screw
threw screw grew flew drew crew chew
'ow' as in cow
clown brown crowd growl rowdy prowl now vow cow
'ow' as in window
window yellow throw slow show grow flow

Vowels with 'y'

'ay'
crayon away day play say spray stay way tray
'oy'
toy destroy royal loyal annoy boy convoy enjoy employ

Vowels with 'gh'

'igh'
high right night tight thigh sigh
'eigh'
sleigh weigh weight neigh eighty eight
'aught'
fraught daughter caught naughty taught

'wh', 'ph', 'thr', and 'shr'

'wh'
whirl whiskers whisper whack wheat whip wheel
'wh', question words etc.
when where whether which what why
'ph'
nephew phantom photo orphan graph alphabet dolphin elephant
'thr'
thrush thrill throb throng
'shr'
shrug shrub shred shrill shrimp shrink

One letter alters another

'e' alters vowels (split digraphs)

'a-e'
flame game cake made late same scales scrape
'e-e' as in swede
delete these complete swede theme
'i-e'
slide size wide crime bike prize line kite mile
'o-e'
home hole hope rose note woke stone stroke pole
'u-e' as in cube
tube tune use compute cube fuse
'u-e' as in flute
flute crude brute plume rude rule June
'e' as in hoe, blue
hoe pie clue blue die glue true tie toe

'e' alters 'c' and 'g'

'ce'
surface service space twice force dance cell race mice audience
'cei'
receive received perceive ceiling conceited deceive deceit
'ge'
garage general cage angel orange hinge huge stage strange
'dge'
sledge hedgehog midget judge badger badge bridge fudge fidget edge

'i' alters 'c' and 'g'

'ci'
citrus city civilian civil cinema circus cigarette cinder acid
'gi'
giant gin ginger magic origin original rigid

'y' alters 'c' and 'g'

'cy'
mercy juicy emergency fancy spicy fleecy
'gy'
strategy stingy energy gym

Final 'll', 'ld', 'nd' alter vowels

'a' as in ball
hall fall all ball call tall stall small snowball wall
'-ild' as in child
wild child mild
'-ind' as in blind
mind kind grind rind blind find
'o' as in gold
gold fold bold cold old hold sold told

'w', 'qu' alter 'a', 'ar' and 'or'

'wa' as in swan
swamp swan swallow want wander was wad wash watch
'war' as in warm
warden warm warmth warn warning warp wart
'wor' as in worm
work world word worm worse worship worth fireworks
'qua' as in quarrel
quality quantity quarrel squat squash squander

Words with silent letters

Silent vowels

silent final 'e'
purse pause please horse house have love give cheese because
silent 'u'
biscuit build disguise guilty guitar guarantee guard guess guest guide
'gue'
intrigue league plague rogue catalogue tongue vague

Silent consonants

'kn'
knock knot knee kneel knew knife knight knit knob
'wr'
wrap wreck wren wrench wring wrist write wrong
'mb'
tomb thumb lamb limb numb climb comb crumb
'gn'
design gnat gnome gnash reign sign gnarled
silent 'l'
should stalk talk yolk calf would walk palm half could chalk
silent 't'
glisten listen listening rustle whistle wrestle castle thistle
silent 'c'
scientist scissors science scene scent muscle
silent 'h'
heir honest hour honour
'rh'
rhyme rhythm rhea rhetorical rhino rhubarb rhombus

Prefixes, suffixes, roots

Living word-formation

compound words
birthday sunset windmill lipstick milkman notebook dustbin handbag
add 'anti-' to make a new word
anti-noise anti-rust anti-work anti-wrinkle
add 'ex-' to make a new word
ex-boyfriend ex-convict ex-serviceman ex-king ex-parrot ex-egg
add 'pre-' to make a new word
pre-punched pre-Roman pre-book
add 'pro-' to make a new word
pro-British pro-hunting pro-fitness pro-cycling
'-like' similar to
jewel-like pastry-like flower-like frog-like
'-wise' concerning
food-wise money-wise transport-wise fun-wise

Prefixes (OE) on real words

'a-'
aside awake aloud asleep around alike along across
'al-'
although also always already almost
'be-'
because before beyond between beside beneath below behind
'for-'
forget forsake forgive forbidden
'fore-'
foresee forewarn forecast forefinger foreground forehead foreman forecourt
'forth-'
forthcoming forthright forthwith
'un-' as undoing actions
undo untwist unwrap uncover unearth unload
'un-' as an opposite
untidy unknown unknown untidy untrue untrue unwell unwell unfair unfair unfriendly unfriendly uncertain uncertain unsafe unsafe
'with-'
withdraw withhold withstand

Prefixes (Latin) on real words

'de-' undo
defrost decode decamp deforested dethrone
'dis-' as negative
disconnect distrust dislike disease disappear disagree disorder
'en-' do, perform
enquire enable encircle enforce engulf enlarge enrich encourage
'im-' as negative
impatient immortal immature imperfect impolite impossible
'in-' as negative
incredible inactive indignity inhuman insincere invalid
'mis-' do wrongly
misuse mishap mislead misprint misspell mistimed mistreat misunderstood
'pre-' before
prefix preschool prehistoric prepacked precooked
're-' do again
renew rehouse replay review replace

Other common prefixes

'ab-' away from
absorbent absent abstain abominable abrupt abound absurd
'ad-' towards
adjacent adore adventure advice advise address admire admission
'com-' together
compare command comment composed comfort complete company
'con-' together
confront concern concert condemn connect conquer contain continue
'de-' down, from, away
defence deflate describe defer descend destroy detergent
'de-' as very
deliver demand devastate deserve
'dis-'
disappointed discovery disgusting dismay disposable
'ex-' out of
excavate except exit extract export excluding excursion
'im-' as into
improve immerse imbibe implode imply immigrant import
'im-' without
imbalance impede immune immense immaculate immediate
'in-' as negative
innocent individual inevitable infant injury
'in-' as into
include infect infer inhabited inspire intend instruct inflate
'per-' through
permit perfume perforation performance permanent perspire persuade persuasion
'pre-' before
prevent preserve preside presume pretend predict prefer
'pro-' before
progress promise protect protest propose proceed prospect process
're-' again
rehearse rearrange recollect remove relief request record referee
'sub-' under
subdue subject submarine submerged subside subtract suburbs

Further prefixes (Latin)

'anti-' against
anticlockwise antidote antifreeze antiseptic anticlimax
'bene-' good
benefit benefactor benevolent
'co-' together
coerce coexist cooperate
'co[ll]-' together
collaborate collate colleague collect colloquial
'contra-' against
contraflow contravene contradict
'co[rr]-' together
correct correspond corrode corroborate corrugated corrupt
'extra-' beyond
extraordinary extrasensory extraterrestrial extravagant
'i[ll]-' not
illegal illegible illicit illogical
'i[rr]-' not
irrational irregular irrelevant irreplaceable irresistible irresponsible irreversible
'inter-' between
interchange interfere intermediate interrogate interrupt international interval
'intra-', 'intro-' within
intravenous introduce introspection
'mal[e]-' bad
malevolent malnutrition malfunction maltreat
'mani-, manu-'
manicure manipulate manufacture manuscript
'non-' not
nonconformist nondescript nonentity nonplussed
'ob-' against, towards
object obliged obliterate observe obsolete obstacle obstruct obvious
'post-' after
post-date postgraduate postpone postscript
'super-' over
superfluous superimposed superlative supernatural supersede supersonic superstitious supervisor
'sus-' under
suspense suspicious suspect sustain
'trans-' across
transfer transatlantic transform translate transmit transparent transport
'ultra-' beyond
ultramarine ultrasonic ultraviolet
'ambi-' both, around
ambidextrous ambient ambiguous ambition ambivalent

Further prefixes (Greek)

'a-' not
amoral apolitical asymmetrical apathy atom
'amphi-' both
amphibious amphitheatre amphibian
'ana-' up,back
anatomy anagram anachronism analysis
'arch-' chief
archangel architect archbishop
'auto-' self
autopilot automobile autograph automatic
'epi-' on, over
epidemic epilogue episode epitaph
'hypo-' under, defective
hypochondriac hypocritical hypodermic hypothesis
'mega-' big
megabyte megaphone megastar megawatt
'meta-' after, changed
metabolism metamorphosis metaphor
'micro-' little
microphone microscope microwave
'para-' beside
parable parabola paradox paramedic paranormal parasite paragraph parallel
'sym-', 'syn-'
symmetry symptom syndicate syndrome synopsis synonym sympathy symphony
'tele-' far
television telegram telepathy telephone telescope

Common suffixes (OE)

'-en' gold > golden
earthen golden silken woollen wooden
'-ern' east > eastern
eastern northern southern western
'-ful' faith > faithful
colourful truthful useful powerful harmful faithful careful peaceful
'-ful' beauty > beautiful
merciful fanciful beautiful
'-fully' graceful > gracefully
carefully cheerfully faithfully hopefully painfully truthfully gracefully
'-ly' happy > happily
noisily hungrily happily easily busily bodily angrily
'-ish' fool > foolish
babyish darkish fiendish foolish greenish outlandish smallish
'-less' care > careless
airless breathless careless countless effortless pointless aimless
'-like' war > warlike
businesslike childlike ghostlike lifelike sportsmanlike warlike
'-ly' bad > badly
badly quickly wrongly suddenly slowly silently quietly
'-ly' queen > queenly
beastly cowardly friendly motherly queenly
'-most' inner > innermost
innermost topmost foremost
'-some' awe > awesome
awesome fearsome irksome quarrelsome tiresome troublesome
'-ward' down > downward
homeward backward upward downward forward
'-wise' like > likewise
likewise clockwise streetwise
'-y' greed > greedy
messy greedy rubbery sulky weighty dirty
'-y' shade > shady
easy noisy greasy hasty shady shiny slimy tasty
'-y' fog > foggy
funny foggy muddy witty starry tinny baggy spotty

Common suffixes (OE, Fr)

'-craft' needle > needlecraft
handicraft needlecraft witchcraft
'-dom' star > stardom
boredom freedom kingdom officialdom stardom wisdom
'-en' light > lighten
lighten harden strengthen weaken sweeten tighten
'-ette' diminutive
cassette courgette maisonette marionette serviette cigarette
'-ful' spoon > spoonful
armful mouthful bucketful cupful spoonful
'-hood' adult > adulthood
neighbourhood falsehood adulthood childhood
'-let' diminutive
booklet droplet leaflet piglet ringlet starlet
'-ling' diminutive
gosling nestling seedling underling yearling
'-ness' sad > sadness
eagerness sickness carelessness fitness darkness sadness goodness kindness
'-ship' friend > friendship
citizenship companionship friendship hardship relationship
'-th' long > length etc.
strength width wealth length health ninth
'-ness' busy > business
business happiness bossiness juiciness readiness

Common suffixes (Latin)

'-able' reason > reasonable
reasonable breakable drinkable enjoyable bookable acceptable
'-ance'
attendance clearance disturbance performance appearance allowance
'-ant'
triumphant ignorant important hesitant significant
'-ence'
reference difference evidence presence silence consequence sequence
'-ent'
urgent excellent persistent different independent absorbent
'-ible'
sensible incredible responsible accessible collapsible digestible reversible visible
'-ious'
previous obvious furious anxious serious various
'-ive'
active defensive effective impressive attractive expensive defective
'-ment' measure > measurement
advertisement movement treatment payment measurement development engagement
'-ous' danger >dangerous
thunderous murderous bulbous poisonous dangerous
'-sion'
confusion fusion precision profusion revision tension
'-sion' explode > explosion
decision division explosion conclusion invasion persuasion
'-ssion'
mission possession confession compression discussion expression impression
'-tion' collect > collection
exhibition connection election suggestion collection invention
'-tion' illustrate > illustration
pollution relation completion demonstration illustration promotion relegation evaluation
'-tion' solve > solution
evolution resolution solution revolution
'-ure'
pressure moisture failure adventure departure sculpture culture

People/place suffixes

'-ant'
informant immigrant attendant descendant inhabitant servant assistant
'-ar'
beggar burglar liar scholar vicar
'-ary'
secretary adversary missionary dignitary
'-ee'
absentee employee payee refugee trainee referee
'-eer'
auctioneer engineer mountaineer pioneer volunteer
'-ent'
president agent resident student correspondent
'-er'
cleaner builder teacher worker farmer painter speaker
'-ess'
actress empress mistress princess tigress waitress stewardess
'-cian'
magician musician optician politician beautician electrician
'-ist'
balloonist biologist pianist florist guitarist journalist chemist cyclist
'-or'
director sailor actor editor narrator sculptor visitor
'-ster'
youngster fraudster pollster trickster speedster songster
'-ary' places
library apiary aviary dispensary granary
'-ery' places
brewery cemetery colliery monastery bakery surgery
'-ry' places
quarry foundry dairy country
'-ory' places
factory laboratory dormitory lavatory observatory territory

Further suffixes (Latin)

'-cy'
diplomacy delicacy conspiracy piracy accuracy bankruptcy fallacy
'-age'
leakage passage postage wastage blockage coverage
'-ancy'
buoyancy infancy pregnancy truancy discrepancy redundancy vacancy
'-ary'
voluntary temporary library necessary ordinary dictionary secondary imaginary
'-ate' verb
operate punctuate vaccinate activate dedicate donate motivate
'-ate' adjective
immaculate accurate affectionate literate numerate obstinate passionate
'-ice'
avarice cowardice justice malice prejudice
'-ience'
obedience conscience convenience patience audience
'-iety'
anxiety notoriety piety society variety
'-ity'
morality neutrality possibility probability reality
'-mony'
ceremony acrimony matrimony testimony
'-sion' convert > conversion
conversion diversion inversion subversion
'-ssion' procede > procession
accession concession recession procession
'-tude'
altitude attitude gratitude latitude multitude solitude fortitude longitude
'-ule' diminutive
capsule globule granule minuscule module molecule
'-ure' create > creature
creature enclosure pleasure

Further suffixes (L, Gr)

'-al'
personal natural hospital local central annual animal equal final several
'-ar'
circular linear lunar regular
'-ial'
radial memorial material aerial terrestrial industrial
'-ic'
alcoholic artistic athletic demonic historic magnetic metallic
'-id'
arid fluid frigid humid tepid vivid
'-ient'
ingredient convenient gradient nutrient obedient
'-ify'
magnify modify beautify classify glorify mortify fortify
'-ile'
fragile juvenile mobile agile fertile futile hostile
'-ine'
canine crystalline divine elephantine feline saline alpine
'-ior'
inferior superior interior exterior junior senior prior ulterior
'-is'
basis bronchitis diagnosis emphasis oasis paralysis synthesis analysis
'-asm', '-ism'
criticism journalism enthusiasm atheism sarcasm mechanism
'-ose'
comatose grandiose morose
'-scent'
adolescent convalescent effervescent fluorescent incandescent reminiscent
'-ology' study
theology technology apology mythology

Suffixes for tenses

'-ed' sounding as /e//d/
greeted shouted wounded waited mended painted crowded delighted
'-ed' sounding as /d/
poured sailed showed growled teamed rained
'-ed' sounding as /t/
reached puffed jumped dressed crashed asked
'-ed' amuse > amused
dared dated amused droned hoped moved
'-ed' cry > cried
cried dried hurried worried fried married buried
'-ed' video > videoed
echoed radioed vetoed videoed
'-s' cry > cries
carries dries hurries worries cries
'-ing' carry > carrying
standing carrying dreaming going waiting
'-ing' carpet > carpeting
carpeting happening limiting targeting visiting
'-ing' dig > digging
rubbing swimming digging getting hopping
'-ing' grin > grinning
grinning referring travelling beginning stirring dialling winning planning
'-ing' write > writing
writing caring coming hoping moving
'-ing' with eye, -ie, -o, -oe
echoing eyeing hoeing lying shoeing tying vetoing radioing
'-ed' grab > grabbed
grabbed hopped sunned slammed nodded knitted

Suffixes for plurals

dot > dots
dots spots hills frills apples
baby > babies
cities daisies families ponies stories babies pennies puppies
monkey > monkeys
boys guys keys monkeys toys trays ways
half > halves
shelves thieves wolves wives loaves halves knives
roof > roofs
beliefs chiefs chefs cliffs roofs
kiss > kisses
matches kisses boxes coaches brushes
hero > heroes
cargoes dominoes echoes heroes potatoes tomatoes volcanoes
kilo > kilos
kilos photos pianos radios solos videos
irregular plurals
women feet mice geese teeth lice sheep salmon men children

High > higher > highest

high > higher
longer higher older deeper younger smaller taller
high > highest
tallest oldest smallest youngest deepest fastest highest longest
hot > hotter > hottest
hottest bigger redder reddest biggest hotter
large > larger > largest
latest simpler larger whiter largest whitest simplest fiercest fiercer later
happy > happier > happiest
funniest happier healthier healthiest easiest funnier happiest easier

Prefixes of quantity

'mono-' one
monocycle monocle monogamy monopoly
'uni-' one
unique unit unicorn uniform
'prim-' first
primary primate prime primitive
'bi-', 'bin-' twice
bicycle binary binoculars biscuit
'du-' two
duet duel duo duplicate
'tri-' three
tricycle trio tripod triple
'quad-' four
quadrant quadruplet quadrilateral
'cent-' hundred
centurion centipede century
'kilo-' thousand
kilowatt kilometre kilohertz
'mill-' thousand
millennium millimetre millilitre millisecond
'pan-, panto-' all
panorama panning pantomime panacea
'omni-' all
omnivorous omnipotent omniscient
'poly-' many
polygon polythene polytechnic
'multi-' many
multitude multimedia multipurpose multiplication
'semi-' half
semicolon semicircle semiconductor

Roots (Latin)

'-ann-' year
anniversary annuity biennial perennial annual
'-aqua-' water
subaqua aquarium aqueduct aqualung aquamarine
'-cav-' hollow
cavity concave cave excavate
'-duc-' lead
introduce deduct ductile education aqueduct conductor duke product
'-fort-' strong
effort force fortify fortress reinforce comfort
'-miss-' send
transmission commission missile missionary admission omission permission
'-mort-' death
mortgage mortal mortify murderous immortal
'-pend-' hang
depend appendix suspense pendant pending pendulum independent
'-port-' carry
portable export report support import transport
'-scrib-' write
nondescript postscript inscribe scribe script scribble description
'-terr-' the earth
inter subterranean terrace terrain terrier extraterrestrial
'-vis-' see
envy videos revision television survey advice provide invisible

Roots (Greek)

'aero-' air
aerodrome aerodynamic aeroplane aerobatics aerobics
'-ast-' star
astronomy asteroid asterisk disaster astronaut
'-bio-' life
antibiotic biosphere biography amphibious biology
'-chron-' time
anachronism chronic chronicle synchronous chronology
'-gram-' letter
grammar programme hologram anagram diagram
'-graph-' writing
geography graph photograph paragraph autograph graphite
'hydro-' water
hydrofoil hydrogen dehydrated hydraulic hydrotherapy
'-logo-' word
illogical dialogue prologue technology biology
'-phil-' love
philanthropist philatelist philosopher anglophile
'-phon-' sound
cacophony phonetics microphone telephone symphony
'-photo-' light
photocopier photogenic photon photosynthesis telephoto photograph
'-poli-' city
cosmopolitan politics metropolis politician
'-scope' view
scope periscope microscope telescope stethoscope
'-techne-' art or skill
technophobia technician polytechnic pyrotechnics technology technical technique
'-theo-' a god
theology atheist enthusiasm
'-zoo-' animal
zoo protozoan zoology zodiac

Further explorations

Syllables and spelling

compound words
birthday sunset windmill lipstick milkman notebook dustbin handbag
split like kit-ten
sudden paddock puffin rabbit lesson hidden kitten cotton
split like bas-ket
plastic zebra napkin pumpkin basket trumpet panda picnic
split like lem-on
shadow visit robin lemon metal habit finish body
split like la-bel
label hotel minus silent stupid moment pilot pupil secret
split like du-et
lion poem diet duet triumph

More vowel sounds

'a' as in bath
fast father glass after bath ask class plant last
'ei' as in eight
neighbour neigh reindeer freight eight vein weight sleigh
'ei' as in ceiling
deceit deceive conceited ceiling receive perceive
'o' as in dove
other mother money brother come dove glove front some done
'oor' as in door
floor door moor poor
sounds of 'ough'
rough dough cough enough bough thorough thought through tough
'u' as in bull
bull bush full pull push put
'y' as in python
python rhyme nylon cycle style reply
'y' as in crystal
sympathy syrup crystal mysterious rhythm pyramid gym
'a' as in acorn
paper acorn angel able
'e' as in demon
demon lenient recent decent secret she
'i' as in minus
sidle climb idle minus triangle
'o' as in over
open holy over only
'u' as in uniform
truth uniform unicorn unit tunic puny

More consonant sounds

'ch' sounds as /k/
stomach scheme school chemist Christmas anchor ache echo
'ch' sounds as /sh/
chiffon chef chalet charade chassis parachute machine sachet
'ci' sounds as /sh/
official precious artificial efficient crucial conscience conscious sufficient social special
other /sh/ sounds
sugar sure action ration ocean national pension mission initial
'gh' sounds as /f/
rough cough enough trough tough laugh

Patterns in word endings

'-ar' as in cellar
vinegar sugar cellar collar mortar
'-el' as in angel
model label level kennel quarrel parcel angel travel
'-ery' as in jewellery
stationery confectionery embroidery finery lottery machinery jewellery
'-ey' as in donkey
honey money monkey journey chimney turkey valley donkey
'-il' as in daffodil
utensil stencil civil fossil council daffodil lentil pencil
'-le' as in cradle
cradle table sidle cable ladle maple noble
'-le' as in ankle
nimble grumble bundle simple candle ankle handle single
'-le' as in apple
middle battle bottle bubble gobble cuddle dribble apple

Words ending in vowels

'-a'
banana camera cocoa saga umbrella vanilla zebra cinema
'-i'
alibi fungi graffiti hi-fi macaroni safari spaghetti taxi
'-o'
cargo hero potato tomato zero echo photo volcano
'-u'
caribou emu flu gnu impromptu menu tutu
'-ea'
area rhea panacea nausea idea
'-ee'
coffee committee guarantee chimpanzee toffee degree jubilee pedigree
'-oo'
bamboo cuckoo hullabaloo igloo shampoo tattoo

Homophones

phoneme /r/
write wring wrap right ring rap
long phoneme /ai/
great grate rein reign rain wait weight way weigh
long phoneme /air/
their there pear pair bear bare stair stare
long phoneme /ee/
flea flee meat meet reed read peace piece
long phoneme /oa/
loan lone sew rowed road so
spellings of /ole/
whole hold hole bold soul sole holed bowled
long phoneme /or/
board bored saw four for sore
phoneme /n/
knot knight knew new night no not know
other homophones
allowed deer lessen lesson dear whether weather aloud
phoneme /s/
practice licence license practise cereal serial
consonant phonemes
know won right no one new knew hole write wear where whole
3-way homophones
two there their to they're too

Interesting derivations

from people's names
sandwiches wellingtons diesel cardigans
from mythical characters
titanic panic music atlas cereal martial hygiene volcano
from places
academy canter currant swede denim indigo tangerine port
from acronyms
laser quango quasar radar scuba sonar yuppie nylon
words with unusual histories
diary confetti salary tawdry tennis omnibus
shortened words
taxicab navvy fridge telly exam zoo

Words from other tongues

words from North America
skunk moccasin moose totem tomahawk
words from Arabic
mattress alcohol hazard sofa
words from Dutch
buoy skipper snoop easel brandy yacht
words from French
meringue mayonnaise bouquet souvenir duvet queue
words from Gaelic
slogan whisky whiskey clan bard
words from German
waltz poodle delicatessen dachshund nickel
words from Hindi
bungalow chutney shampoo cot
words from Italian
spaghetti umbrella replica serenade studio motto piano pizza
words from Japanese
tycoon karate futon karaoke
words from Persian (Farsi)
bazaar caravan shawl taffeta
words from Spanish
alligator canyon mosquito plaza ranch stampede lasso
words from Turkish
tulip coffee kiosk turban

Words often misspelled

business words 1
sincerely correspondence faithfully address accommodation committee business necessary
business words 2
immediately height liaise certainly communication clerk approval delivery weight
business words 3
suggestion efficiency authority limited marketing mortgage profited procedure recommendation purchase
are letters doubled? 1
referred reference occurred omission omitted occurrence
are letters doubled? 2
prefer preference preferred transferable transferred transfer
awkward words 1
water vehicle yacht woman women quarter people medicine leisure journey
awkward words 2
lovely interesting opposite beautiful embarrassed especially exaggerate desperate suppose separate
confusing homophones 1
check canvass cheque currant current canvas
confusing homophones 2
formally formerly licence principle practise principal license stationary practice stationery
words often confused 1
advice advise wander where were except quite accept loose lose quiet wonder
words often confused 2
eligible eminent affect decease emigrant imminent human disease effect immigrant illegible humane

Curriculum subject lists

English

textual sources 1
biography autobiography poem literature drama fiction novel poetry genre
textual sources 2
romance ballad comedy horror legend mystery farce myth satire sci-fi sonnet thriller tragedy
textual sources 3
brochure bulletin essay magazine newspaper pamphlet account article advertisement report leaflet
text analysis 1
criticism style character favourite description vocabulary depth paraphrase portrayal quotation setting theme context
text analysis 2
chapter clause introduction layout narrative title subtitle phrase extract conclusion scene paragraph sentence dialogue episode
text analysis 3
irrelevant idea communicate draft argument bias relevant subjective summary editing objective opinion persuasive
skills of writing
allegory alliteration ambiguity assonance imagery motif onomatopoeia metaphor personification simile irony hyperbole rhythm rhyme suspense
non-print media
cassette watch screen listen cinema radio theatre commentary film headline lighting video view visual
finding your way
bibliography caption contents index thesaurus encyclopedia alphabetical glossary catalogue dictionary library reference research illustration
people in the media
actor playwright editor narrator correspondent journalist author producer advertiser cameraman poet presenter scriptwriter reporter director
parts of speech
adjective adverb conjunction demonstrative indefinite noun participle preposition pronoun verb definite
punctuation
asterisk capital colon comma hyphen margin punctuation apostrophe brackets
words about language
jargon accent consonant dialect suffix tense vowel grammar prefix word language

Mathematics

numbers 1 to 10
four five eight nine one seven six three ten two
numbers 10 to 100 (+ 1000)
ten thirty thousand sixty seventy twenty forty eighty fifty ninety hundred
numbers 1st to 10th
ninth fifth first eighth fourth seventh second sixth third tenth
numbers 10th to 100th
tenth thirtieth sixtieth seventieth twentieth fortieth eightieth fiftieth ninetieth hundredth
arithmetic terms 1
fraction addition multiplication factor increase decrease equal coefficient consecutive indices total multiple remainder difference division
arithmetic terms 2
integer numerator denominator recurring mathematics computation approximate decimal negative positive zero
arithmetic terms 3
minus factor ratio quotient inverse multiple index notation
algebra terms
equation simultaneous reduce formulae quadratic substitute function simplify ratio variable brackets formula proportional substitution polynomial
handling data 1
tally maximum minimum pictogram median chart frequency gradient quadratic intercept linear survey percentage graph average diagram
handling data 2
questionnaire frequency median deviation sampling randomness cumulative interquartile correlation inference discrete probability diagrammatic statistics
geometric terms 1
bisector transversal diameter area angle centre circle height length straight width
geometric terms 2
transformation diagonal curved cyclic tessellation horizontal vertical elevation rotation reflection circumference
shapes 1
triangle quadrilateral pentagon hexagon rectangle heptagon octagon nonagon decagon rhombus tetrahedron cuboid circle
shapes 2
height parallel straight symmetry breadth volume vertical horizontal cylinder diagonal prism pyramid
angles
adjacent supplementary interior exterior acute obtuse reflex complementary alternate
properties of circles
perimeter radius segment sphere tangent ellipse sector chord semicircle circumference diameter
triangles
similar triangular hypotenuse scalene congruent isosceles equilateral

Science

experimental procedures 1
analyse investigate evidence comparison variables evaluation conclusion measure observe
experimental procedures 2
dissolve evaporate distillation filtration condensation dilute distil filter
experimental equipment
conical photometer beaker Bunsen titration pipette burette gauge funnel balance Liebig equipment apparatus laboratory thermometer
materials - classification
crystalline metal vitreous compound mixture aerosol aqueous amorphous alloy polymer monomer reactant
materials - properties
reactive inert insulator ionic covalent semipermeable soluble density alkaline volatile acid semiconductor magnetic
materials - particles
molecule nucleus element proton neutron isotope orbital valency radical ion electron
physical change
concentrate liquefy crystallisation diffusion condensation filter distil volatile precipitation solidify evaporate dissolve
chemical change
explosion equation activation electrolysis cathode anode hydrophilic hydrophobic effervescence corrosion catalysis combustion neutralisation oxidation reduction reaction
forces and motion
deceleration acceleration barometric gravity friction weight temperature compression pressure
energy
energy momentum kinetic potential dissipation conduction convection radiation absorption renewable conservation
waves
prism decibel longitudinal transverse velocity reflection refraction amplitude diffraction radiation trough frequency microwave transparent ultraviolet
electricity/magnetism
rectifier polarity induction electromagnetic electrostatic dynamo particle static attraction repulsion ammeter voltmeter transformer
electrical circuits
integrated voltage filament insulation resistor transistor capacitor ampere ohm diode resistance impedance capacitance
life - cells
fertilisation conception reproduction gene hybrid inheritance organelle nucleus membrane cytoplasm chromosome meiosis mitosis gamete ciliated evolution
life - plants 1
photosynthesis chlorophyll osmosis pollination humus transpiration germination diffusion moisture
life - plants 2
anther style ovary ovule pollen monocotyledon dicotyledon stamen stigma capsule rhizome chloroplast
life - animals
herbivore carnivore omnivore reptile mammal nocturnal migratory consumer habitat vertebrate producer respiration circulation parasite amphibian
life - health
syndrome immune deficiency virus organism infection toxin inflammation bacteria fever immunisation

History

politics and government 1
empire totalitarian democracy nationalism dictatorship restoration communism monarchy republic fascism
politics and government 2
revolution heir Suffragette Luddite treason abdicate referendum suffrage propaganda political
social 1
census reform inequality abolition workhouse feudal plague marriage disease civil
social 2
immigrant serf settlement society emigrant slavery pauper nobility clergy peasant
economic
laissez-faire engineering exploitation quota duty subsidy commerce nationalisation privatisation Depression poverty industrial agricultural piracy factory
religious
belief monastery religion Protestant nonconformist worship symbol Dissolution Reformation Catholic pilgrimage superstition persecution
diplomacy
exploration negotiation commonwealth relations independence rebellion unification empire colony ambassador treaty
government
politics reign parliament government republic colony independence political colonisation dynasty constitutional imperialism imperial
warfare
retreat victory strategy armour armistice holocaust conscription recruitment mercenary soldier armies conquest invasion battle
general terms
century evidence chronology prehistoric museum eyewitness medieval archive neolithic archeology

Geography

physical features
gorge tributary delta estuary mountain confluence source watershed island glacier valley continent ocean
industry
industry manufacturing location location leisure business primary secondary tertiary accessibility employment
geological terms
sedimentary igneous metamorphic lava limestone granite tectonic magma volcano epicentre Richter earthquake fossil
ecological terms
environment pollution global famine conservation sustainable desertification stewardship overfishing deforestation renewable greenhouse
climate
monsoon temperature precipitation equatorial atmosphere humidity climate thermometer
weather
drought meteorology rainfall sunshine flood precipitation isobar anticyclone depression pressure gradient gauge barometer forecast
ecosystems
biomass ecosystem desert habitat tundra savannah steppe prairie deciduous coniferous fauna flora
population
urban demography urbanisation colony suburban rural distribution residential amenities population conurbation country
some european lands
Denmark France Germany Belgium Portugal Netherlands Italy Ireland Greece Spain Luxembourg Finland Sweden
farming
diversification cereal pastoral arable livestock rotation irrigation agriculture
natural hazards
volcano tsunami avalanche cyclone heatwave typhoon tornado hurricane blizzard earthquake flood
maps
contour meridians parallels reference equator latitude longitude
processes
erosion weathering transport deposition eruption

Design and Technology

designing
elevation projection isometric estimate layout criteria specification design dimension graphic perspective research
tools and equipment
scissors machine adhesive screw chisel hacksaw bradawl pliers hammer
materials and components
tensile suitability component thermoset textile flexible durability tolerance strength quality thermoplastic manufacture rigid
processes and techniques
compression modify attach separate assemble moulding
systems and control
device circuit electrical electronic switch mechanical feedback sensor pneumatic
structures
bridge efficiency reinforce suspension structure maintenance cantilever unstable buckle reliability tension
general terms
construction measure evaluation structure technology analysis design materials
food hygiene 1
bacteria listeria salmonella poisoning degrees centigrade conditions intestines spread sneeze uncovered hygiene
food hygiene 2
temperatures bleaching disinfectant freezer gloves touching refrigerator detergent boiling
food preparation
rubbing mixing whisking stirring chopping grating folding dicing slicing peeling defrosting
kitchen equipment
utensils opener grater whisk potato-peeler rolling-pin measuring chopping-board mixer sieve scissors knife scales
textile fibres 1
cotton silk natural wool flax hemp jute sisal hide leather fibre yarn
textile fibres 2
viscose polyester mohair tweed worsted corduroy towelling cashmere man-made synthetic acrylic nylon
textile properties
shrink absorbent stretchy waterproof hard-wearing lightweight crease-resistant delicate comfortable fleecy texture
textile processors
batik dyeing spinning printing weaving knitting felting bonding tufting silk-screen tie-dyeing roller
sewing
stitching bobbin shuttle overlock crochet thread tapestry embroidery
talk about clothing
uniform colour duvet fashion footwear accessories trend
fabric care
washing drying ironing dry-cleaning instructions
shopping
aftercare customer mail-order return multiple franchise
cooking
boiling grilling baking simmering frying reheating timing
nutrition
protein carbohydrate unsaturated cholesterol balanced vitamins minerals digestion vegetarian vegan diet fibre

ICT

handling information 1
software access spreadsheet quantitative qualitative data delete database processing loading insert information analysis
handling information 2
clicking numeric function icon image record cell column field file scale
control and modelling
interface robot logging variable sensor feedback simulation measurement procedure
equipment
hardware monitor keyboard computer megabyte binary kilobyte silicon barcode pixel laser plotter scanner microprocessor memory
communication
network modem import teleworking internet fax satellite phone channel communication digital
using a computer
cursor word-processor search back-up font replace paste menu desktop template virus

Art

styles
abstract Classicism Cubism Pointillism Surrealism Renaissance realism medieval contemporary figurative Impressionism Expressionism Baroque
forms of art, 2-dimensions
silhouette cartoon portrait batik tapestry fresco mural landscape mosaic caricature collage photograph picture embroidery illustration stencil
forms of art, 3-dimensions
sculpture jewellery relief construction casting mask origami carving ceramics architecture artefact
talking about art
proportion texture tactile background culture surface contrasting decorative abstract composition figure foreground
tools and materials
crayon tempera earthenware terracotta silk-screen charcoal acrylic turpentine canvas pastel bronze palette
techniques
superimpose illuminate highlight stipple redefine shading crosshatch perspective enlarge

Music

performing
microphone practice concert performance acoustics amplifier recital rehearsal practise
composing
improvisation instrumental chord variation accompaniment notation melody phrase ostinato ostinato orchestration treble clef stave rhythm
listening
musical Romantic symphony minimalist Renaissance opera Baroque concerto sonata oratorio reggae fugue fusion classical
musicians
trio quartet busker minstrel ensemble vocalist gamelan instrumentalist soloist orchestra conductor composer choir duet
talking about music
tonality homophonic polyphonic descant dissonance pentatonic chromatic instrumentation harmony modulation syncopation discord lyrics theme
instruments
brass woodwind xylophone bassoon oboe cello saxophone sitar piano clarinet glockenspiel timpani percussion guitar strings
voices
alto contralto soprano tenor bass
elements of music
tempo dynamics texture silence duration pitch timbre

Physical Education

games
tennis umpire badminton volleyball hockey rounders netball fielding offside attacker defender referee cricket court coach
gymnastic activities
approach somersault trampoline vault gymnastics rolling balancing apparatus
athletic activities
disqualification sprint athletics javelin relay hurdles discus competition baton decathlon marathon attempt pentathlon jogging
outdoor activities
obstacle kayak navigation survival canoeing climbing abseiling orienteering adventurous
swimming
breaststroke synchronised resuscitation medley propulsion backstroke butterfly competitor diving gala
fitness/training
endurance technique stretching extension rotation abduction adduction aerobic isotonic isometric flexibility repetitions circuit
the body
circulatory vertebral hygiene injury adrenaline dislocate concussion nutrition muscle dehydration deficiency respiration
dance
choreography ballet ballroom co-ordination interpretation performance expression rhythm

Religious Education

religions
Taoism Sikhism Shintoism Confucianism Christianity Islam Jainism Baha'i Rastafarianism Buddhism Judaism Hinduism
religious practice
funeral meditation chanting kneeling prostration baptism yoga rite miracle service prayer ceremony worship wedding
places of worship
church abbey monastery mandir temple mosque gurdwara chapel synagogue cathedral
people and religion
saint archbishop mullah rabbi ascetic worshipper congregation monk clergyman bishop guru disciple yogi vicar priest
religious groups
Protestant Orthodox liberal Reform Catholic Evangelical Shia Sunni Mahayana Theravada

Drama

creating 1
stimulus brainstorm target issue confrontation message audience topic conflict rehearse improvisation theme
creating 2
tension suspense context speech scenario storyboard monologue direction scene action dialogue
presenting
costume make-up management design effect sound theatre lighting
form
drama movement improvisation dance mime
style
documentary surreal fantasy review drama farce comedy tragedy musical
media
cinema television video theatre radio

Phonics: Letters & Sounds Word Lists
Year Group Word Lists


StarSpell Word Lists - Main Word Lists
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